Climate Change and Energy


By Mr. Babu LaL Meena


“Climate change has happened because of human behaviour, therefore it’s only natural it should be us ,human beings ,to address this issue. It may not be too late if we take decisive actions today .” – Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary – General ,United Nations.

India is both a major greenhouse gas emitter and one of the most vulnerable countries in the word to climate change and energy . Energy is the main driver of climate change as it contributes most of greenhouse gases. India’s has been famous for arguing that it should incur no expense in controlling emissions that cause climate change . The country is already experiencing change in climate & the impacts of climate change , including water stress , heat waves and drought storms and flooding and associated negate consequences on health and live hoods. Climate change is one of the most important global environmental with implication for food production water supply, health, energy .This articles addresses these climate change and energy .India’s own public is also demanding more. India probably will be severely impacted by continuing climate change and energy . India energy policy faces enormous liked to addressing its energy poverty, managing India’s high energy import dependence and finding ways to address the electricity gap. The article suggests that a very large number of options to control warming gases in India ‘s own self – interest and leverage on emissions could amount to several thousand million tones of CO2 annually over the next decade and an even larger quantity by 2025. Keywords : India , Climate Change, Energy , Migration.

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Introduction to Background

India is one of the most significant countries in world, In both its green house gas emissions and its vulnerability to climate change with a large and growing population, India’s emissions of green house gases are increasing .India’s broad spectrum of highly articulated national policies inclusive growth goals in the areas of economic development, human development and environment protection. India energy policy faces enormous liked to addressing , its energy poverty ,managing India’s high energy import dependence and finding ways to address the electricity gap . It is imperative that India realizes this and engages more constructively in global mitigation efforts .The NAPCC is a positive first step in India’s efforts to combat global climate change.

Climate Change

“we are the first generation to feel the effect of climate change and the last generation who can do something about it.” – Barack Obama , Former US President .

Nowadays, people around the world have been focusing on facing climate change. Climate change has become a major concern for the international community. Climate change is the major global challenge today, and the world is becoming more vulnerable to this change. Climate change is more than global warming. Climate change takes place due to natural and human influences. Climate Change is one the main environmental challenges facing the world today. India is facing several problems. Climate change is associated with various adverse impacts on agriculture, water resources, forest and biodiversity, health coastal management and increase in temperature. All domestic and international strategies involving India must realize these core interests as boundary constraints on what India is willing to offer as part of its contribution to climate change.


“Energy is the essence of life. Every day you decide how you are going to use it by knowing what you want and what it takes to reach that goal, and by maintaining focus.” – Stephen Hawking .

Energy plays an important role in many aspects of our lives. we use electricity for lighting and cooling. Energy is a requirement in our everyday life as a way of improving human development leading to economic growth and productivity. India sources of energy to meet rising demand, climate change mitigation efforts may constrain its use of indigenous and imported coal, oil, and gas while development likely to encounter opposition other non-emitting technologies will require technology transfer and capacity-building . The need for energy and its related services to satisfy human social and economic development welfare and health is increasing.


“The negative portrayal of migration can foster policies that seek to reduce and control its incidence and do little to address the needs of those who migrate, when migration may be the only option for those affected by climate hazards. Indeed, policies designed to restrict migration rarely succeed, are often self –defeating, and increase the costs to migrants and to communities of origin and destination.” (World Bank ,2010, p.25).

Its impact on migration is object of increasing attention from policy- makers and researchers. The first regards the weight of environmental and climate factors in migration and relationship to push or pull factors, whether of a social, political, or economic nature. India receives immigrants from a number of countries such migration may exacerbate tension as well as putting a strain on Indian central and state government. India has been in lockdown since march 25, 2020. During this time, activities not contributing to the production and supply of essential goods and services were completely or partially suspended.



Based on arguments of equity and per capita emissions. India has shied away so far from direct engagement in global efforts to mitigate emission of GHGS. While essentially valid such arguments are becoming increasingly unsustainable in the international politics of climate change. A serious climate change policy backed with necessary action will increasingly become a part of India relations with industrialized countries, especially the US as the world gears up for serious mitigation action, some kind of engagement on India’s may be unavoidable. The article has discussed the growing concerns faced by India with regard to climate change and energy. India’s success or meeting its future energy needs is not only of concern to India but to the entire world since if India fails, Paris fails.





World Bank ( 2010) , World Development Report2010, Development and Climate Change/  The World Bank, Washington DC. 

Author’s Profile

Mr. Babu Lal Meena is a PhD researcher in School of Education.

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